Baso blood test is done to the patients to know histamine response. It is done on the patients suffering from unknown health conditions.  It can be quite similar to allergic reactions or asthma patient. To properly understand the Baso Blood test you need to understand the below terms.

White blood Cells – There are 5 types of white blood cells. These classes include basophils, lymphocytes, neutrophils, monocytes and eosinophils.  Basophils constitute of total 1~2 percent of White blood cells present at given time. They are responsible for allergic reactions in the body.

Basophils – Our body produces different types of white blood cells. They help make our immune system strong and help us fight against various types of bacteria, viruses and infections.  Similarly, basophils are the type of white blood cells that play an important role in proper functioning of our immune system. They are found in our bone marrow and various tissues of our body.

Baso blood Test – It measures the count or percentage of basophils cells in the blood sample at the time of blood draw.  Its increase or decrease in count results to diagnose the health.

Baso Blood Test Results

Baso Blood Test High

When we conduct the Baso blood test and find basophil count to be > 1% it is referred to as basophilia. This may indicate certain health conditions like –

Hive – It is a red and itchy type of skin rash on the skin that lasts for few hours and heals itself.

Inflammation – The Physical condition in which part of the body becomes swollen or red due to any reaction to infection or injury.

Food Allergies – A dangerous food reaction in immune system after any food is eaten, which can lead to digestion problems or hives.

Crohn’s Disease – A chronic inflammatory bowel disease that affects the lining of the digestive tract.

Leukemia  – A cancer of blood-forming tissues, hindering the body’s ability to fight infection.

Baso Blood Test Low

When we conduct the baso blood test and find basophil count to be < 0.5% it is referred to as basopenia. This may indicate to health concern like –

Hyperthyroidism – The overproduction of a hormone by the butterfly-shaped gland in the neck (thyroid).

Baso Blood Test 0

As its said its very possible to have basophils count to be “0” without being a health problem. But go for an exact count as it is either exact “0” or “0.0” because it can be “0.05”. So go for the good lab that provides an exact figure.

Other Possible Reasons To Have it 0 or Very Less – can be any injury that happened to you either internally or externally that caused a lot bleeding.  Recent blood transfusion can also result in low basophils.

Baso Blood Test Normal Range

Normal range for basophils differ between the labs and on the entire process, they follow. Different country follow different ranges. A normal range for basophils is given as between 0.01 and 0.3 x 10^9/l.

Basophil Absolute Count

Baso Blood Test Symptoms

There is no as such specific symptoms to carry out for the Baso blood test. There are many symptoms like asthma, infections, allergies and many as stated above. If these are found to be in patient’s health problem, then the combination of these symptoms and Baso blood test is used to diagnose the patients’ health problem. As Baso test alone is not capable of diagnosing any problem in the body. Indeed it directs and helps in further diagnose.

There are many symptoms in everyday life we have that may lead to abnormal basophil levels. As every 3rd person has allergies and infection problems and basophil level of them is found be abnormal and fluctuating at times. So diagnose the problem with its help is not possible for sure.

High Basophil Count Causes

Basophil count can be commonly high when your spleen has been removed. Other than it people under enormous pressure and stress also release higher levels of basophils.

Hypothyroidism –  When your thyroid gland stops producing enough thyroid hormone your thyroid hormone is low and cause your body functions to slow down.

Some of its Symptoms are Symptoms are hoarse voice, brittle hair, weight gain, coarse skin, putty face, constipation and feels uncomfortable when the temp drops.

Myeloproliferative disorders – This is the condition when too many red blood cells,

white blood cells, or platelets are produced in your bone marrow. These conditions can progress to leukaemia which is cancer of WBC.

Myeloproliferative Disorders include  –

Polycythemia Rubra vera: Overproduction of red blood cells results in this disorder.  Symptoms are feeling tiredness, weakness, and short of breath.

Thrombocythemia: Overproduction of platelets, resulting in blood clotting or less commonly, extra bleeding. Symptoms are burning sensation, redness, tingling in your hands and feet and cold fingertips.

Myelofibrosis: Fibrous tissues replace blood-producing cells in the bone marrow which causes anaemia, an enlarged spleen, and oddly shaped red blood cells. Symptoms of this disorder are feeling tiredness, abnormal bleeding or bleeding easily, fever, and pain in bones.

Autoimmune inflammation: This occurs when your immune system attacks your own body. Symptoms are fever, muscle pain, hair loss and inflamed joints.

Low Basophil Count Causes

Cause of low Basophil as also we discussed earlier can be allergy or hyperthyroidism. It can also be low in cases if you are ovulating, pregnant or taking corticosteroids.

Hyperthyroidism: When our thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone, excess hormone causes our body functions to speed up. Symptoms are increased blood pressure, weight loss, excessive sweating and increased heart rate.

Infections: Infections only occurs when any bacteria or other harmful substances enter our injured part of the body. Symptoms are coming out of pus from injured part and pain in it.

Acute hypersensitivity reactions: In this scenario, our body overreacts to a substance in the form of an acute allergic reaction. Symptoms are running nose, red rash, watery eyes and itchy hives.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is basophils in a blood test?

Basophil is one of the types of White blood cells present in Blood. They contain granules full of enzymes. When any type of infections is detected in the body, enzymes get released to fight against them.

What does basophils mean in a blood test?

As basophils count for only 1% in total of White blood cells out of all five types. So we count for the percentage of basophil in the blood sample at the time of a test.

What do basophils show?

Basophil is involved in many health conditions like in allergic symptoms, Inflammatory reactions, slow healing of injuries and hypothyroidism. They produce histamine responsible for inflammation and heparin responsible for preventing a blood clot. So count of basophils and above symptoms help in diagnose the patient’s health conditions.

What is basophils absolute count?

It is treated as different by different countries. For the USA it is :

0-100 cells/mcL (abs)

0-0.5 (pct)

What is a basophil count?

Measures the number or percentage of basophils, which are involved in allergy responses

What do basophils do in the immune system?

Basophils protect our body by fighting and killing the bacteria and parasites in our immune system. They are very much responsible for our immune to be strong or weak. They give us only the power to heal fast and stay healthy.

What are basophils responsible for?

Basophils are responsible for our health conditions. It is it what that can affect our immune system to be strong or weak.

What is absolute basophils in blood test?

Between 0.01 and 0.3 x 10^9/l.

What happens when basophils are high?

Active allergic responses are seen a lot when the level of basophils is high.

How to increase basophils count in blood?

Eating Healthy vegetables like broccoli, carrots, spinach etc.

Eating fruits like melons, oranges, strawberries.

Other foods like yoghurt, green tea, almonds etc.

Need to be active like walking, gym workout, Playing or some type of physical activity.

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